The Internet and the World Wide Web are often used synonymously but they are different. The World Wide Web (WWW) also called the web is a subset of the internet.
The World Wide Web began in March 1989, when Tim Berners – Lee working at Counsel European Pour la Recherche Nucleaire (CERN) i.e European Organization for nuclear research at Geneva Switzerland proposed the project as a better means to communicate research idea among members of the various scientific organizations.
The web is a series of interconnected services that supports specially formatted documents. The documents are formatted in a language called HyperText Markup Language (HTML) that supports links to other documents as well as graphics, audio, and video files. This means that you can switch from one document to another just by clicking on marked text.
Web pages are connected to one another on the web. For example, you can view an Excel worksheet in a word document by creating a hyperlink to the worksheet. When the mouse pointer is placed on a hyperlink the pointer automatically changes to a hand.
One may have a question of who owns and manages such a huge network of computers. The answer –no single organization or person owns the web. CERN is the place where the World Wide Web initiative originated. Other organizations through the world also participate in cooperation with the world wide web initiative.
The current home of the World Wide Web initiative is the Massachussets Institute of Technology (MIT) in the United State.